Many financial institutions offer special lending products for students, with lower interest rates and more flexible repayment options than other loans. They hope to attract your business and make you life-long customers.
Banks don't have to lend you money - they can reject you based on what program you're studying (which can be a predictor of your future ability to repay the loan).
You can use a bank student loan to purchase anything. You'll have to start making interest payments immediately but, similar to government loans, you only start repaying the principal after graduating.
Federal and Provincial government programs, like government student loans / grants, help students fund their post-secondary education. Government student assistance is assessed based on financial need.
You can use a government student loan to purchase anything and won't make any payments until 6 months after you graduate / stop studying full-time / leave school.
Students may qualify for special loan offers and benefit from "free money", like academic scholarships, grants, and bursaries.
Academic scholarship, grants, and bursaries are "free" sources of money, you don't have to pay them back.
All awards are usually worth a fixed amount. Some can only be spent on certain things (like tuition, housing, research, or food) but most can be used to purchase anything.